There’s a detour along Route 61 in Pennsylvania. Little would think to question the signs on top of the hill in the Ashland community, following the signs until reconnected with route 61 again.
Very few know about the history surrounding the detour – the road closures, the ruins, the ghost town of Centralia. It’s a true dystopian tale of government failure and the suffering of many that began in 1962.
Some argue that the ruins of Centralia can be attributed to some trash burned in an abandoned strip mine pit. The coal vein running near the surface—which was connected to the mine—became a gateway for a fire. What started out as a tug-of-war with a difficult fire in 1962 is said to have become America’s largest mining disaster.
Over the course of days and weeks in 1962, what was thought to be an extinguished fire, continued to erupt. Dousing with water didn’t help and nor did the next two decades of excavation, trench digging, backfilling and flushing of the mines with water. Any effort to contain the fire failed, with a study in 1983 suggesting the fire could continue burning for up to two centuries and “could conceivably spread over an area of approximately 3,700 acres.”
Today, the ground is hot wherever you walk in Centralia, with temperatures reaching between 440 degrees Celsius underfoot. Sink holes, with toxic steam and smoke rising from the ground, remind the visitor that something is amiss.
The 1,100 residents of Centralia were relocated, due to potential hydrogen explosions and collapsing grounds in the 1980s. The township of Centralia has since inspired the horror film Silent Hill and many other movies of dystopian and sci-fi nature.
A History Lesson Best Learned…
Centralia is not unique in its coal fire. The Tribune reported back in 2009:
“…Such unwanted coal fires rage or smolder in the United States, South Africa, Australia, China, India and beyond. They are burning in huge volumes in rural China and blazing in a district of India to such a great extent the flames from some surface coal fires are more than 20 feet high. Here in the U.S., they are burning in Pennsylvania, Kentucky, Colorado and Wyoming as you read these words.”
The township of Centralia has since inspired the horror film Silent Hill and many other movies of dystopian and sci-fi nature.
China, reportedly holds 2% of “global emissions” annually, from “unwanted coal fires.”
Not enough people understand or know about coal fires. Once burning, they take decades—or in Centralia’s case—centuries to extinguish. The emissions that pour into the environment are not short-lived and include methane and carbon monoxide.
Although governments have time and again stated that it is too difficult to put these fires out, it really is time to come up with a final solution.